The Premier League in England is considered one of the best football leagues in the world and Harry is one of the safest penalty shooters of this World Cup - and yet the past decades have often been dark for the English national team. This year, however, the players around their head coach Gareth Southgate are fighting and show that they got the nerves. This willingness to fight will also be needed in the future in terms of mobility, especially in England's capital, as the city is facing major challenges. 5 mobility facts directly from the island:
1. The oldest subway system in the world is at its limits
As the world's oldest underground system, the London Underground is also one of the world's most powerful. Up to four million passengers are transported daily on the 402-kilometer route. But the city is growing. The population of London has doubled in the last 30 years. Even if, fortunately, more and more people are leaving their cars at home, the alternatives are not quite up to capacity. According to forecasts, the London Underground will have to carry around 9 million passengers a day by 2030 - and thus reach its limit.
2. Congestion Charge to slow down traffic jams
Since 2003, London drivers have had to pay the so-called Congestion Charge. It costs around 13.50 euros to drive to the city centre. In fact, individual motorised passenger transport has declined sharply in the city centre. But unfortunately new problems have already arisen: Public transport has difficulty coping with the crowds and the roads are still full. Taxis and Uber vehicles are currently exempt from congestion charges. Especially the ridehailing offers are used a lot, as the journey can be cheaper than the 13.50 Euro congestion charge. Another problem is the so-called "last mile" for deliveries that are clogging the city centre with a large number of online shopping orders.
3. London? Not a cycling city!
As exemplary as the Londoner has already adapted most of his mobility to public transport, he is also quite weak in cycling. In the modal split, only 2 percent of all trips in the metropolis are covered by bicycle. To put it into context: In major German cities it is 14 percent oft rips, that are covered by bicycle. The Londoners already started a city-wide bikesharing service in 2010. With currently 11,000 wheels on offer, so there are in fact sufficient possibilities for cycling.
4. Down in the water and up in the air – just like James Bond
If the Londoners are not quite the biggest fans of pedals, they are at least using other alternatives to asphalt and tracks: with the Emirates Air Line there is a cable car that goes over the Thames from Greenwich to Royal Victoria Dock. The cable car is part of the London Transport Association (TFL) and fares are the same as for buses and trains. In a city like London, of course, it makes sense to use the waterway. Boats belonging to public transport also run on the Thames. Here, too, the normal prices of TFL apply.
5. DLR - The autonomous railway
We get it, the Londoners love their tracks and trains. After all, they have a long history together. And that's how we see autonomous driving first on the tracks in London: The "Docklands Light Railway" is a driverless suburban railway that runs on a 31km network in London. Since 1987, the network has been expanded several times. Today, the network connects the Isle of Dogs and the Royal Docks, it leads to downtown London, Stratford and Lewisham, so it operates in a rather small area in the east of the city.